33 generations of the Kwon family

The Family History of Kwon's descendants

(Your corrections and additions would be most welcomed! email to: cal@herrmanns.org; Cal Herrmann, 5621 Sierra Avenue, Richmond, California 94805.   An excellent published history is: "Sources of Korean Tradition," ISBN 0-231-10567-3)

The first ancestor was Tae-sagong (Tae sa means a teacher who teaches the son of king, and gong is an honoric ending), and after his death he was called Haeng. According to the Koryo history, (the name of Korea is originally from this name of Koryo which set up by Wang-gon about thousand years ago) the surname of Kim Haeng is the same with the Kim in Silla. (Silla is a name of country before Koryo dynasty was established.) In third year of King Kyong-sun's period, on October in 930 A.D. the Kochang (a name of places in Kyong-sang-do in Silla.) was invaded by Kyon-hon in Hupaekche country. (In that time Korea was divided into three countries: Silla, Koryo, and Hupaekche (Kyonhon is governor in the Hupaekche.).)

In that time Mr. Haeng defeated the Kyon-hon with friends; another Mr. Kim- Son-p'yong and Mr. Chang chong-p'il by recruiting volunteers in the area of Jung-san. (Jung-san is name of place) The righteous victory which is carried out by Mr. Haeng was so great that the King of Koryo felt really satisfied. So, the King gave him a name of Kwon (Kwon means power) because specially he thought that Mr. Kim was able to control the power, and after that on the other hand the King gave him a magnificent reward and higher position in which he could control the area of Kochang county by himself. The Kochang county became Andong-pu later on. (Pu is much larger than "up" in area. It is based on population.)

The descendants of Kim's family in the Andong celebrated for the merits of Haeng, and then they constructed a monument for him, Andang Kwon, in the memorial temple, and another one is for other Kim and Chang in Un-gok, in Kyong-ju.

The Second Generation

Surname is In-haeng, who lived in the period of first king in Song dynasty in China. The adult name, the birth date, and the death date are not told, and his mother's name is Ho who was a daughter of chief in village of Kong-am whose name was Son-mun.

He has two children; the first one is Chaek and second one is Yun.

The Third Generation

Name is Chaek. His position is Hojang. (Hojang means something like a county leader.) And he worked in the royal court as a Chungrand and oerang (these are something like an adviser for government.)

He has three children: Pae-han, Kwang-han, and Kyom-han.

The Fourth Generation

Name is Paek-han with a position of first rank of special commanders, and he has one son, whose name is Paeng.

The Fifth Generation

Name is Paeng, and his position is Hojang. He has one son.

The Sixth Generation

Name is Son-gae. His position is Hojang, and he became a commander in the army. He has one son.

The Seventh Generation

Name is Kyom. His position is Hojang. And he is a commander in army. He has a son.

The Eighth Generation

Name is Ri. His position is Hojang. And he has six sons; the first one is Paek-si, and the second one is Chung-si. Their positions are Hojang. The first one is in Kosong county, and second one is in Hwang-gang county. (Kosong and Hwang-gang are names of places.)

The Ninth Generation

Name is Chung-si. His position is a vice Hojang as a veteran who had a victory in a battle-field. And he became a messenger who could pass the palace of royal government. He received a special position later in his life that is Chong-hon Taebu Hobusangso (which is something like a secretary position for provincial governor).

He has four sons; the first one is Su-pyong, the second one is Su-hong whose position was an army general like a commander in the area of Andong country. The third one is Cha-pyong who had a pension from the government because he was a veteran. The last one is Song-won. His original name is Tal-won, and he spent his life in the Buddhist temple as a head of monks.

The Tenth Generation

Name is Su-pyong, and he received Chabok-sagwangrok (special salary from the government), and his position is vice envoy in the Ch'u-milwon (something like a minister in an administration with a rank of army general.)

He died in 1250 A.D. on July (lunar calendar) in the tenth year of King Ko-chong of Koryo dynasty (during the period of King ri-chong in China).

They say that the tomb is located in the side of Ch'om bridge below a mountain of Ch'on-ma in the place of Chang-dan (Kyong-gi province) or it is in the village of Pack-cha dong. His biography is lost. He has a son.

The Eleventh Generation

Name is Wi, and pen name is Song-am. They called him Chung-hon-gong (a name which is given for specially respected person), after his death. He was a member of Hallim Hak-sa (special scholars assigned from King). He edited historical books, and he received the highest salary from the King. His position is a Munha-sirang (a secretary of administration in the central government), and he engaged in Sumun-jon (conventional house for great scholars) as a great scholar for editing a national history. He was a great son and an excellent scholar.

His wife is Mrs. Lee, a daughter of Soryong. His tomb is located at Kium village of Tong pa-bong in Chang-dan (a name of places which is located near the Kae-song in central part of Korea). His biography is lost.

He has five sons and one daughter; the eldest one is Yong, the second one is Ingi, the third one is Yong-un, the fourth one is Pang-gi, the fifth one is In-gi, and the daughter became a wife of Kim Kwe (this name, Kim is from kyong-ju and the position of his son in law is Poksawi (something like a position which is given for excellent shooter).

The Twelfth Generation

Name is Yong. Adult name is Hoeji, and pen name is Ip-am. After his death, he was called Munchon-gong (hong is like a respected word which is given for higher official). He was born in the year of Mucha (year name) during the time of Ko jong in Koryo dynasty, in 1288 A.D. while Ri-jong governed Song country in China. He passed a national test for a position of higher officer in the period of King Chung-hon, and his position is Taejaehak-kamsu in the palace of Sumun (something like a position of master in the national school). He is a member of editors to publish national history.

He passed away in 1372 A.D. when King Mu-hong controlled Won country in China. His age at that time was eighty four. After his death, the King presented him a higher honoric position, Yomui chong sung (like a minister) for his memory.

His wife Mrs. No (this name is from Kyo-ha) received Sidok hak sa (an honoric position for scholar field). Their tombs are located at Tal village of Pung-dok (name of place).

The Thirteenth Generation

Name is Pu, and adult name is Che-man. His pen name is Kuk-je. He was born on November eleventh, 1322 A. D. in the period of Won-jong of Koryo dynasty, during the time of Kyong-jong in China. At the age of fifteen he became a Chin-sa (a type of county governor which is given for a person by passing a national test).

He was a scholar in the field of history. He was a Hallim-piso (like a secretary in scholar association).

At the age of forty he became a Chong sung, (which is like a national governor such as a secretary, or cabinet member or minister). The King treated him as a successful person, so he specially presented a national reward to him. He never had an experience in oppression from somebody. He died in the age of eighty in the period of Sun-je in Won (name of country in China). His wife has a name of Yu which is from Munwha, family. After her death, they gave a special name, Hyonsin-whasuk tokchu, which means a sagacious lady. She was born in 1326, and died in 1404 A.D. after living for seventy nine years.

His tomb is in the village of Sobon song ni, Pan-mun, Kaesong city. Normally they say that it was in the grave area in Kaesong. He has five sons and three daughters; the eldest name is Chun, the second is Chong-hang (an artist), the third is Yul, the fourth is Po, and the fifth is Kyon. Among the girls, one is married with Lee, Che-hyon (Kwang-ju Lee family). Pen name is Ik-je.

The Fourteenth Generation

Name is Yul. Adult name is Su-pyong, and pen name is Song-je. He was born in 1354 A.D. during the time of King Se-jong in China, Won country. He died in the year of Kimi (year name) in 1433 A.D. with the age of eighty. He was a meritorious retainer. After his death, they called him Chung-chong which means loyalty. His wife has a name of Lee which is from Hap-ch'on in Kyong sang-do (name of province), her father is Kye hyon-song.

The Fifteenth Generation

Name is Hui. His position was a Chajong-sung (which is like a governor or secretary), and he was a member of national scholars in Sumun-jon (a scholar group assigned by the king). He was born in 1379 during the time of King In-jong in Won country of China. He died in the year of Ulyu, 1465 A.D. in the age of eighty seven during the period of King Taejong in Myong country of China.

His wife is from a country of Chin-han which is located in the southern part of Korea. Her family name is Han which is from Han-Yang (name of Seoul in the present). She was born in the year of Ulmyo (year name), in 1375 A.D. during the period of King Chung-suk in Koryo dynasty. She passed away in 1458 A.D. at the age of eighty four. His tomb is in the village of Kunsudong in Koyang county. (Koyang is a name of place near the Seoul.)

The Sixteenth Generation

Name is Chung. His position was Chan-song (a type of administrator like a cabinet member, in administration). After his death they called him Pyong-hu. His wife is from Lee family, and her father is Lee Dal-han. His position is a governor in the central administration office.

Father's wife is Ho family from Yang-chon and the father in law is Chin with scholar work. Her grand father is Son with a position of Chan-song. Her great grand father is Kwan, and he was also a Chan-song. His tomb is in hamlet of Won-dang in Chang-dan county.

The Seventeenth Generation

Name is Sung, and his position was a Yejo-Ch'am P'an (which is like a position of vice secretary in the internal affair). The name of his wife's family is Cho which originated from Han-yang (Seoul at present). Her father's name is In-kyu.

The tomb is in Chang-Dan Hyon Naejom, and it is now a small monument. The location is against Huinung, King's tomb in western direction. His wife's tomb is in the west which is apart Ori, about thirteen miles from his in the village of Son-jo which is near hamlet of Howon-dang. The location of the tomb is against southern direction in the edge of a hill top.

He has three sons and one daughter. The name of the eldest one is Ham, the second one is Yon, and the third one is Yun. The name of his son in law is Lee Kuk-dam which is originated from Toksu (a name of place).

The Eighteenth Generation

Name is Yun-on, and pen name is Soyo-jong. His position is Yejo-ch'amui (which is like a governor in the administration of internal affairs). He also had been engaged in Songgyun-Kwan (a national school assigned from the government) as a Dae-sa (which is like a chief director). Aside from this personal history, he was once a Kwan-ch'al-sa (a provincial governor; something like a state governor in the present) in Kang Won-Do. His constitutional wife is Kim's family which is originated from Sun-ch'on in Cholla-namdo province.

He has two sons and three daughters. The eldest son is Ku who was a member of central government. The second one is So.

The Nineteenth Generation

Name is So, and his position is ch'ambong (which is like a person who kept the palace or king's tomb). His wife is Sim family which originated from Sam-ch'ok (a name of place in the Kang-won province). Her father is county director of San-P'o (a name of place).

He has three sons and four daughters. The eldest son is Chin, the second one is Su, and the third one is Yon.

The Twentieth Generation

Name is Su, and his position is Sabok sijong (which is like (Transportation Minister) a person who takes care of horses and carriages in the palace).

His wife is Kim family which originated from Chin-hae in Kyong sang Namdo province, and her father is Su. His tomb is located at north-east side against his father's in Kyong-P'o Kang-nung. He doesn't have any children, so he adopted one son (who was third) from his younger brother.

The name of younger brother is Yon, and the adult name is Ongi. The pen name is Myong-am. He passed a national examination, so he became a Chin-sa Changwon (a name which is given to a person who passed the primary national test at a top grade). He was a county director in Sang-ju, and aside from this, he was a commander in the navy. His wife is Lee family from Ansong (a name of place); her father's name is Sok-chin. His tomb is located in the south-west direction against the highest peak of Dae-jon (name of place), Chong-dong-myon, Kang-nung.

He has four children. The eldest one is Im, the second one is Chong, the third one is Wha, and the fourth son is Si.

The Twenty-first Generation

Name is Wha, and adult name is Hwi-he. His pen name is Mujin-jong. He was a government officer who learned and practiced in thc Kang-he private institution. His position was a Kongjo-ch'amui, (which is similiar to vice secretary of industry in National industrial department).

His wife's name is Suk, and her last name is Sin which originated from Pyong-san in Hwang-hae do province. Her father's name is Sin Myong-wha who had a position of Chin-sa. His tomb is located at Cho-sam which was in Townag village, Chong-dong-myon, Kang-nung county in Kang-won do province. The direction is southwest, against twin tombs in the Towang village which is on the left side of the village.

The Twenty-second Generation

Name is Cho-kyun, and adult name is Sa-jung. His pen name is Ojukhon. His position is secretary of national financial department, and aside from this he also has been engaged in the national defense administration as vice chief of section. He was born in 1541 during the period of King Se-jong, and he passed away on March in 1620 at the age of eighty.

His first wife's name is Kim which was originated from Kang-nung. Her father's name is So-un. His tomb is located at towang village of Chosam, chong-jong myon, Kang-nung county in Kangwon do province. He is a cousin of Yul-gok's wife (Yul-gok is a famous person with a Law of Tae-dong, which is like a law of commumity development). He has two children the eldest one is Hyo-sun and the second one is Hyo-jun.

The Twenty-third Generation

Name is Hyo-sun, and the adult name is Paek-won. His position in the government is Hojo-ch'am P'an, which takes care of population, taxes, rice and money in the administration. He became Yejo-P'anso in which he controlled the school administration and ritual ceremony (which is something like a master of ceremony in England). After that he was a member of Ch'un ch'u-kwan in which he collected rumours from people and edits them as a book to help the administration.

His wife's name is Min which is from Yo-hung (a name of place). Her father is in the position of Hung-jong (like a Cham-P'an which is similar to vice secretary in the present).

His tomb is located at the Togwang-dong which is against the Cho-san in chong-dong, Kang-nung. He doesn't have any children, so the second son of his younger brother whose name is Che-sun, continued his family descendency.

His younger brother's name is Che-sun, and adult name is Sun-jae. He was born in the year of Yung-kyong, Imsin (name of year 1572 A.D.) on April 27th, and he passed away on Oct. 24th (no year indication). His tomb is located at Togwang-dong, Cho-san in Chong-dong, Kang-nung. He has three sons and three daughters; the first son is Sang-jong, the second one is Sang-ik, and the third one is Sang-hwan.

The Twenty-fourth Generation

Name is Sang-ik, and his adult name is Kyomsuk. His position is Sung-jongwon-Chasungji (which is like a governor, or something like a school administrator in the government).

He was born in the year of Sin-hae, on January 5, 1611 A.D. during the period of King Sin-jong, he died on Oct. 9, 1673. His tomb is located at Song-am, Songsan-myon, Kangnung (the location is in the direction of the west). It has a twin tomb with a monument. He has four sons and one daughter; the eldest one is Si-tae, the second is Si-hyon, the third one is Si-hung, and the fourth is Si-ch'ang.

The Twenty-fifth Generation

Name is Si-ch'ang. His adult name is Ch'ang-kyong and pen name is Mae-juk. His position is chol-ch'ung chang-gun (which is something like an Army General who takes care of the palace of central government). He was born on November 5, 1650 A.D., he died on March 24, 1719 A.D. at the age of seventy.

His wife has a name of Ch'oe which is originally from Kang-nung. The name of her father is On-son. His second wife has a name of Lee which is originally from Hae-ryong (a name of place).

His tomb is in the Song-Am, Songsan-myon, Kang-nung (Kang-wondo province in the present). He doesn't have a son, so the second son of his brother, Si-hyon should continue the generation of his family.

The Twenty-sixth Generation

Name is Tu-jae. The adult name is Paek-ch'a and pen name is Kyong-ho. His position was Chin-sa (which is something like a leader in leader which is given to a person after passing an examination of National test).

He was born in 1665 A.D. on July 3rd, during the period of King Hyon-jong. He passed away on November 29, 1736 at the age of seventy two. The name of his wife is Lee which is from Ham-P'yong (a name of place). Her father is Ch' an-won.

His tomb is located in front of his father's tomb (the direction is against east). His wife's tomb is in the place of Wol-gang (the direction is south). He has four sons and two daughters; the first one is Myong-dong, the second one is So-mun who was a governor in So-san (a name of place), Ch'ung ch'ong Namdo province, the third one is Cho-dong, and the fourth one is Ip-dong.

The Twenty-seventh Generation

Surname is Cho-dong. His adult name is Yang-ryang, and the pen name is Song-jo. His position was Mun-kyori (which is something like a teacher in the county area; assigned by the government). He was born in 1699 on March 17th, and died in 1762 A.D. on January 23rd, at the age of sixty three.

The name of his wife is Ch'oe which is originally from Kang-nung, and her father's name is Ung-sung.

His tomb is in the village of Suri which is about five miles apart from Kang-nung city in north-east direction. He has three sons; the eldest one is Kye-ha, the second one is Kye-ju, and the last one is Kye-myong.

The Twenty-eighth Generation

Name is Kye-ju. Adult name is Chung-mun, and pen name is Chunk-sa. His position is Chin-sa, and after that he became a Sung-won, Cha-sung-ji (which is something like vice secretary of information section in the government).

He was born in 1729 A.D. on April 15, during the period of King Yong-jong, and he died in 1781 on April 5 during the period of King Chong-hong. At that time he was fifty three years old. His tomb is rearranged in the direction of right south.

His wife has a name of Kim which is originally from Kang-nung. Her father's name is Sang-in. His tomb is in the village of Pol-ui Ha-nam (a name of place). He has two sons and three daughters; the first son is Han-sa and the second Son is Han-dok.

The Twenty-ninth Generation

Name is Han-duk. His adult name is Kyo-ok, and pen name is Ii-juk. His position is Hojo-Ch'am p'an (which resembles the position of vice minister of domestic affairs such as population, taxes, money etc.). On the other hand he is a member of scholars who was assigned by the government.

He was born in 1760 A.D. on September 11, and died in 1843 on May 24, at the age of eighty four; during the period of King Ch'ol-jong.

His wife has a name of Sim which was originally from Ch'ong-song. Her father's name is Cha-hyon. His tomb is in Ha-an-hyon (a name of place). He has five sons; the eldest one is Mok, the second one is Sa-ch'ol, the third one is Sa-jik, the fourth son is Sa-p'il and the last one is Kuk.

The Thirtieth Generation

Name is Sa-jik. His adult name is Ye-yak, and pen name is Pong-so. He was born in 1794 on January 16, and died in 1871 A.D. on September 4, at the age of seventy eight. His position is Owi-chang-gun (which is something like a captain of guardian army in the county area). His tomb is in the direction of east of Pong-pyong (a name of place).

His wife is Lee of Chon-ju (a name of place), and her tomb is in the mountain of Tokwi in the direction of northeast of Pong-pyong. He has one son and three daughters. His son is Myong-gyu.

The Thirty-first Generation

Name is Myong-kyu. Adult name is Pin-no, and pen name is Yang-gok. He was born in 1824 on August 15, and he died in 1901 on December 13, at the age of seventy nine. His position was Nung-ch'am-bong (guardian of King's tomb).

The name of his wife is Sin which was from Cha-wol (a name of place). Her father is Nak-kong.

His tomb is in Ha-budong, Hanam, in the direction of North-west. His wife's tomb is in Pack-ok-P'o in Pong-p'yong. He has three sons and two daughters; the first son is Chong-ha, the second one is Chong-ho and the last son is Chong-mun.

The Thirty-second Generation

Name is Chong-ha. The adult name is Yong-won, and his pen name is ch'ang-un. He was born in 1843 on March 9, in the time of King Ch'ol-jong. He died in 1876 on July 27 at the age of thirty four.

His wife has a name of Ch'oe which was from Kang-nung. Her father's name is Myong-gak with a position of Chin-sa. Her grandfather is Pyong-jin and her great grandfather is Tong-mong with a teaching position for officers. Their birth dates are not known. His wife died in 1893 on August 28, at the age of fifty six.

His tomb is in the village of Yong-yon Sa-ch'on-myon and the location is in the direction of North-west of the town. It has twin tombs. He has four sons; the eldest one is Paek-su, the second one is Ch'ol-su, the third one is Mon-Soo, and the last one is Tal-su. [Mon-Soo is Grandpa Kwon of Lahaina.]

The Thirty-third Generation

Name is Paek-su. The adult name is I-kyong. He was born in 1860 A.D. on June 21, and he died in 1904 A.D. on February 28. His wife's name is Ch'oe which was from Kang-nung (a name of place).

His brother is Mon-Soo, and his adult name is Mon-gyong. He was born in 1878 A.D. His wife is a beautiful woman but no name.

His son, Heong-sik was born in 1911 A.D. on March 25. His four pillars of Destiny, such as year, month, day, and time are: Sinhae (pig), Im-sin (dragon), Kye-hae (pig), and Im-ja (mouse).

[Heong-sik is John Heong-sik Kwon]

Postscript:

The Thirty-third Generation lists "Mon Soo as brother born in 1878." (This is our dad evidently.) "His wife is beautiful woman but no name." (This is evidently our mama but the Korean translator couldn't give Gonzales a name in Korean.) "His son, Heong-Sik was born in 1911 on March 25." (This is brother John.) The rest of the family are not listed as in the genealogy only the eldest son is listed. We have Manuel, Cecelia, Joseph, Mary, Agnes (deceased), Catherine and Helen (deceased at birth). Mr. Darl 0k Kim who translated this from dad's papers had to go into the historical setting to make interpretations. (He spent over seventy hours of work and we will pay him $125.) The tombs were important facets in Korean genealogy and each generation lists places, directions and distances from cities to identify resting places of the deceased.

Dad is buried in Diamond Head Cemetary, Honolulu, Hawaii. There is a brass name plate designating the place.

Honolulu, Hawaii 12/14/67

Manuel Kwon

Sept. 9, 1967 - Date of death of Kwon Mon Soo.